The National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC), outlining the nation’s strategy to manage greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. India has announced a goal of reducing the emissions intensity of its GDP by 20-25% by the year 2020 compared to 2005. The National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) announced in June 2008 by the Govt. of India proposes increasing the share of renewable energy in the total energy mix to 15% by 2020.
The Prime Minister’s Office has found that some of the missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change seem to be slipping from course.
The NAPCC, launched as part of India’s domestic action in limiting growth of climate changing greenhouse gases, has eight missions – on solar power, energy efficiency, sustainable habitat, water, Himalayas, afforestation, agriculture and strategic knowledge.
While some have picked up steam, many have been lagging behind or have not shown any clear results, the PMO has found during a series of meetings as part of a mid-term review of the NAPCC.
It was noted in the review that missions like the one on sustainable agriculture have not even got any funding under the current five-year plan and is carrying on its research from existing resources.
The solar mission has taken off but there are concerns on whether it will be able to deliver on targets because of wrong pricing of solar energy. The solar mission is supported by one of the largest subsidies given to renewable energy ever in India routed through NTPC.
The other mission which is expected to have hard delivery targets is the one on energy efficiency. Under the power ministry, the Bureau of Energy Efficiency is in-charge of starting a market-based mechanism of making key industrial sectors more energy efficient. The bureau is meant to launch a trading platform where these industries can trade in energy efficiency certificates to achieve their targets.
The bureau is at the moment engaged in setting up standards, targets and methodologies for the trading. The bureau is also working on reducing energy intensity of appliances and products. But it has been stuck for more than three years now with the automobile industry being recalcitrant not willing to allow strict standards for cars and other vehicles.