According to a New analysis from Frost & Sullivan, Analysis of Municipal Solid Waste-to-Energy Market in India, finds that the market generated 821.35 MW in 2009 and estimates this to reach 1,191.31 MW in 2013. The study finds that refuse-derived fuel (RDF) pelletisation has been a common practice in many plants, and it is expected to remain the preferred solution for non-biodegradable waste.
The shrinkage of the landfill capacity has compelled municipalities to explore other methods of waste disposal and treatment; however, the technological and commercial viability of the waste-to-energy projects needs to be proven. Private participants in India have shown considerable interest in municipal solid waste-to-energy projects, and several of them are operational by using diverse technologies, despite the lack of subsidies and support from the government and municipal authorities, says the release.
What is interesting is that though they have been talking about market generated 821.35 MW in 2009 and estimates this to reach 1,191.31 MW in 2013 and that refuse-derived fuel (RDF) pelletisation has been a common practice in many plants only about 140MW of capacity has been installed as per MNRE including both off and on grid and captive consumers as of December, 2010. Thus, the projections that the reports talk about seem to rather aggressive, though Panchabuta does not have access to how the numbers have been arrived.
The release correctly adds that companies can try to minimize the impact of these issues on their growth rates by selecting technologies based on the characteristics of the waste material and availability of funds. The government must try to harness the potential of this market by providing tipping fees and subsidies to plant operators.
“Community incentives need to be offered to those organizing the collection and segregation services for waste-to-energy facilities,” notes Frost & Sullivan. “Regulatory measures to exempt levies and taxes on entities and entrepreneurs that are transporting and processing waste for energy production will also greatly bolster the market.”