As readers of Panchabuta are well aware, one of the eight National Missions outlined in National Action Plan on Climate Change, the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) specifically focuses on solar energy and its role in minimizing future emissions. The Government has launched JNNSM in January, 2010 with a target of 20,000 MW grid solar power (based on solar thermal power generating systems and solar photovoltaic (SPV) technologies), 2000 MW of off-grid capacity including 20 million solar lighting systems and 20 million sq.m. solar thermal collector area by 2022. The Mission will be implemented in three phases. The first phase will be of three years (upto March, 2013), the second till March 2017 and the third phase will continue till March, 2022.
Government has also approved the implementation of the first phase of the Mission (upto March, 2013) and the target to set up 1,100 MW grid connected solar plants including 100 MW of roof-top and small solar plants and 200 MW capacity equivalent off-grid solar applications and 7 million sq.m. solar thermal collector area in the first phase of the Mission, till 2012-13.
The government has also launched a new scheme on ‘Development of Solar or Green Cities’ has been launched to encourage and assist the Urban Local Bodies in assessing their present energy consumption status, set clear targets for upto 10% reduction in projected demand, and prepare action plans to generate energy through renewable energy sources and conserve energy utilized in delivering urban services. A mission approach is being attempted in this area of sustainable habitats.
According to reports, the Centre has identified Gurgaon among the first 10 places that will be developed as solar cities.
A survey is underway in the city to determine how much solar power the city can generate daily.
The Master Plan is being prepared for all these cities. Gurgaon has a huge potential to tap solar energy. A major awareness drive will be carried out to ensure that people volunteer for the scheme, said Srikanta K Panigrahi, advisor to Prime Minister on National Strategic Knowledge and other Missions on Climate Change.
He said that the government plans to convert Gurgaon into a Solar City by the end of 2012.
The Centre has proposed to allow people to rent others house roofs for the installation of solar panels.
Panigrahi added the provision of allowing people to take others roof on rent for fixing solar panels is inspired from the fact that many residents dont have an open roof.
As per the Centres proposal, once the Master Plan is prepared, the city will get a control room, which will spread awareness about solar energy and its benefits.
The government has proposed to give 30 per cent subsidy on gadgets that will help people generate solar energy, Panigrahi said.
The project will be executed by the municipal body.
Achieving success in developing solar energy will change the face of India, he added. The countrys plan to build solar cities is part of the prime ministers mission to build a Green India.
Under the government’s solar city scheme, each urban local government would get a total of Rs 50 lakh as assistance, of which Rs 10 lakh will be used for preparing a Master Plan, another Rs 10 lakh will be used for setting up a solar cell in the city council.
And while Rs 10 lakh has been budgeted for implementing the plan over a period of five years, the remaining Rs 20 lakh will be used for promotional activities.