The Electricity Act 2003 (EA 2003) stimulated the development of RE based power generation by mandating State Electricity Regulatory Commissions (SERC) with the function of RE promotion within the State. Under EA 2003, the SERCs set targets for distribution companies to purchase certain percentage of their total power requirement from renewable energy sources. This target is termed as Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO).
However, there are certain limitations of State specific approach when RE development strategies are to be deployed at national level.
Existing legal framework under EA 2003 puts responsibility for promotion of renewable energy on SERCs. As a result, the regulations developed by the SERCs differ from each other on many counts. Further, these regulations do not recognize purchase of renewable energy from outside the State for the purpose of fulfilment of RPO target set by the SERC for the distribution utility in the State.
The requirement of scheduling and prohibitive long-term open access charges poses major barrier for RE abundant States to undertake inter-State sale of their surplus RE based power to the States which do not have sufficient RE based power.
Consequently, the States with lower RE potential have to keep their RPO target at lower level. In addition, the unit cost of the RE based non-firm power is higher than the conventional power sources.
As a result, while RE abundant States have no motivation to produce RE based power more than that required to satisfy the RPO mandate within the State. On the other hand, RE scarce States are not able to procure RE generation from other States.
The proposed REC mechanism will enable and recognize the inter-State RE transactions is critically required for further promotion and development of RE sources. Such a mechanism will also enable all the SERCs to raise their States’ RPO targets even if necessary resources are not available in their own State. While effective implementation of inter-state transactions would be primary objective for the REC.
Renewable Energy Certificate (REC) mechanism is a market-based instrument to promote renewable energy and facilitate renewable energy purchase obligations amongst various stakeholders.
One REC will be issued to the RE generator for one MWh electrical energy fed into the grid. The RE generator may sell electricity to the distribution company and associated RECs to the distribution company or any other obligated entity.
In January this year, The Union Cabinet approved the proposal of the Ministry of Power to amend Para 6.4(1) of the Tariff Policy, which provides for Non-conventional sources of energy generation including co-generation. The present amendment in para 6.4(1) of the Tariff Policy is as per the proposal of the National Solar Mission strategy (Implementation of the National Solar Mission) which was approved by the Cabinet in its Meeting held on November 19, 2009.
According to the Indian Energy Exchange, trading of Renewable Energy Certificates (REC) commenced from Wednesday 23rd of February, 2011. Further two types of instruments will be available for trading on last Wednesday of every month, under REC Market:Solar and Non-Solar.
The price range for the two instruments have been fixed as below:
According to the exchange, the price quotation is in INR/REC and the price tick is 1 INR and volume tick is 1 REC. Further the exchange notified that the order accumulation phase is from 13:00-15:00 hrs followed by order matching and trade finalization by 18:00hrs.
According to unconfirmed sources, the first day witnessed a buy order for about 11 Solar REC and 125 Non-Solar REC all at the floor price.