DESC India, CII Release Report on ICT’s Potential to Cut Carbon Footprint. Report lists likely energy savings, cost-benefit analysis, sectors with most savings potential as well as drivers and barriers to ICT adoption.
According to report, Key highlights of the DESC Report include:
§ Identified ICT solutions can potentially lead to GHG emission savings of up to 450 million tonnes CO2 per annum in 2030, which is approximately 10% of estimated GHG emissions in 2030 for the sectors covered in the study. From the sectors studied, Commercial Buildings, Road Transport and Power Sector have the maximum saving potential of 42%, 30% and 16% respectively.
§ ICT solutions can potentially lead to energy cost savings of around INR137,000 crore per annum in 2030 – approximately 2.5% of India’s current GDP.
§ Of the 100 million tonnes of carbon dioxide emission reduction target of the Energy Efficiency mission by 2015, ICT adoption in buildings, transport and the nine sectors identified under PAT (Perform, Achieve and Trade) scheme could contribute about 31 million tonnes, i.e., approximately 30% of the 2015 target.
The National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC), outlining the nation’s strategy to manage greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. India has announced a goal of reducing the emissions intensity of its GDP by 20-25% by the year 2020 compared to 2005. The Planning Commission is also in the process of defining a low-carbon growth map for the country. The DESC Report explores potential GHG reduction opportunities via ICT (Information & Communication Technology) solutions in the focus sectors of the three mitigation-related missions of NAPCC – National Mission on Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE), National Mission on Sustainable Habitat (NMSH) and National Solar Mission (NSM).
The DESC Report quantifies the energy savings and GHG reduction potential via the use of ICT solutions. The energy savings potential and associated costs of ICT solutions have been determined for each sector, along with a cost-benefit analysis of implementing the same. To determine total GHG emission reduction, the Report explores two scenarios based upon moderate and high penetration of ICT solutions.
A number of startups in the smart buildings and smart grid area in the US have raised significant funding and this should soon emerge as a new trend in India too. The first pilot project for Smart Grid technology is proposed to be introduced in Electronic City-Bangalore,India has been announced recently. Also PowerWatch, Canada is to launch energy monitoring solutions for potential 10 million customers of North Delhi Power Limited shortly.